The corona virus continues to spread around the world, with 12.2 million confirmed cases and more than 5.5 million deaths so far.
If you look at Pakistan, the number of people affected by Corona is more than 240,000, while more than 5,000 people have died as a result of this epidemic.
According to researchers, 80% of people in the world affected by corona have only mild symptoms and those who have these symptoms are in the minority.
So the question is how can you identify it?
What are the symptoms of Code-19?
The virus affects the lungs and the two main symptoms are fever and persistent dry cough.
According to the British National Institutes of Health, a dry cough means a sore throat that does not produce mucus.
A persistent cough means that you have been coughing for about an hour or you have had at least three cough attacks in a 24-hour period, meaning that your cough is longer than normal.
It can also result in shortness of breath, often called chest tightness, difficulty breathing or suffocation.
If your body temperature is above 37.8 degrees Celsius or 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, you have a fever. A fever can cause your body to become hot, you may catch a cold or shiver.
Symptoms of sore throat, headache and diarrhea have also been found in the victims, while some patients have also complained of taste and sense of smell.
It usually takes five days for a patient to show symptoms, but in some people they appear late.
According to the World Health Organization, the period from infection to the onset of symptoms is 14 days, but some researchers say it can be up to 24 days.
How Many Patients Showed No Symptoms?
Chinese scientists believe that some people can spread the infection even before the symptoms appear in themselves.
According to a recent study published in the British Medical Journal, 78% of people infected with COD-19 did not have obvious symptoms, meaning they were asymptomatic in medical terms.
The results of this study are consistent with the results of a study conducted in an Italian village that became a major center of the epidemic in Corona. There were no symptoms in 50 to 75% of the patients but they must have been a major cause of its spread.
According to another study in Iceland, 50% of those who were confirmed to have code-19 had no symptoms at all.
Meanwhile, according to the results of the World Health Organization’s examination of 56,000 patients:
Eighty percent had mild symptoms, such as fever and cough, and some had pneumonia.
Severe symptoms were found in 14% and these patients had severe difficulty in breathing.
06% were severely ill with lung and other vital organs failing and at risk of death.
The majority of people infected with the corona virus will recover after taking painkillers such as rest and paracetamol.
If you have a fever, cough or difficulty breathing, you should see a doctor as this may be due to a respiratory infection or something else.
When Do I Need To Go To The Hospital?
In Code-19, the main reason people have to go to the hospital is difficulty breathing.
At the hospital, doctors will examine your lungs to see how affected they are. Most sick people are transferred to an intensive care unit designed specifically for the seriously ill.
Patients with corona virus are given oxygen, which is given through a face mask or a nasal tube.
Extremely sick patients are transferred to a ventilator and the device injects more oxygen into their lungs through a tube inserted through a hole in the mouth, nose or throat.
What Is COVID-19 Higher Risk Of Being Affected By?
Older people and people who already have an illness such as asthma or diabetes or heart disease can be infected more quickly with the corona virus.
Men have a relatively higher risk of contracting the virus than women.
It can take a few days to several weeks for minor patients to recover, but if someone is in intensive care in a hospital and there, it can take several months for them to recover.
How Deadly Is The Corona Virus?
According to a study published in the medical journal Lancet, the death toll from code-19 was initially one to two percent but is now 0.66 percent.
This is far more than the number of people who have died from the common flu. The death toll from influenza is 0.01% worldwide
But it is not currently possible to estimate the actual death toll from Corona, as many of its patients have not been diagnosed.
How Can We Protect Ourselves?
The World Health Organization says:
- Wash your hands with soap or gel that can kill the virus.
- Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing, preferably with a tissue, and wash your hands immediately afterward to prevent the virus from spreading.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth after touching any surface. It can enter your body because it is infected with the virus.
- Don’t go near people who are coughing, sneezing or have a fever. Their mouths can emit drops of the virus that can be in the air. Keep at least one meter or three feet away from such people.
- Stay home if you feel unwell. Get medical help immediately if you have a fever, cough or difficulty breathing. Follow the instructions of the medical authorities.